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华总会长吴添泉评论土著经济大会:把落入非土著手中马来保留地归还政府建议不利和谐与经济发展

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(吉隆坡3日讯)华总会长丹斯里吴添泉认为,土著经济大会提出把落入非土著手中马来保留地“归还”予政府的建议,对社会重组、种族和谐和经济(尤其是房产业)发展是不利的作法。

他表示不反对政府根据发展需求,通过把政府地列为马来保留地的作法,而不是从非土著手中“取回”之前已经发予或发展者。

他说,由于土地政策和主权是属于州政府的权限,而且各州政府的政策也不一,因此必须灵活处理,并顾及整体发展和多元国情。

他强调,一般上,土著或马来人可以购买“自由买卖土地”,再加上本身的马来保留地,意味着土著在土地买卖、运用权限和机会已经比其他族群多很多,反观非土著则受到马来保留地和固打的限制。

吴添泉今天发表文告,针对昨天土著经济大会上,土地组主管仄依布拉欣表示,随着大马半岛马来保留地已减至占全国土地总面积的31.66%,因此提出把落入非土著手中的马来保留地“归还”予政府的建议发表评论。

他表示不认同有关建议,但却不反对当马来保留地被有关州政府征用为公共发展用途时,以同等面积政府土地替换,以保持马来地面积的作法。

他说,包括马来保留地在内,我国的土地政策源自英殖民时代,在独立前就已经存在,各州政府可以划出所需的土地供马来保留地,并让只有马来人才能够使用,但随着时代发展之需,各州的情况也不尽相同。

他说,一些州属在当初州政府划出马来保留地时,也把当时非土著在运用中的土地划进去,但一向来相安无事,也让有关的非土著继续在有关土地上居住或使用,包括房屋或其他用途在内,惟在这些非土著准备转名予下一代或脱售时,就可能会面对一些问题,尤其是新地主是非土著方面。

他说,也有许多州政府一向来在策略地点征用了马亚保留地供公共用途发展之后,会另外从政府土地上划出同等面积供填补,以不影响州内的马来保留地面积,而一些州在这方面可能做得不够,征用多填补少或不足,才引发了马来保留地被形容缩减的现象,这一点是值得认真探讨的。

无论如何,他认为各州政府应该伸缩性处理,灵活发展州内的马来保留地,确保地尽其用,尤其是具经济价值的潜能与策略地点,应该赶上时代和经济发展列车。

他说,对一些马来保留地面积多的州属,尤其是在城市地区,往往导致非土著土地和房产价格高涨,出现了不平衡现象,这也是应该值得政府关注的问题。

“另一个问题是房屋发展商必须保留的土著固打制度,各州固打不一,而且也让土著在同个发展计划内的置产价格获得非土著所无法享有的更多优惠。”

他说,要非土著“归还”马来保留地给政府的建议或作法,涉及层面可说是复杂、广泛和具争议性,必须从过去州政府划出马来保留地的历史过程、征用供公共用途如发展新市镇计划下出售予非土著的房产,土地使用年限,以及州政府所持的政策等多个角度来解读和研究。

Huazong cautions against call to reclaim Malay Reserve Land occupied by non Bumiputera

The Federation of Chinese Associations Malaysia (Huazong) has expressed concern over the call urging the government to reclaim all the Malay Reserve Lands that had been leased to or occupied by the non Bumiputeras.

Its President, Tan Sri T.C Goh cautioned that such a call, if entertained, may have a far-reaching adverse impact on racial harmony and national economy.

He said, while he’s not against the government converting government land into Malay Reserve Land when such need arises, it should not reclaim those Malay Reserve Lands which had been leased to non Bumiputeras for commercial development purpose.

He also reminded that land matters and policies come under the jurisdiction of state government, and they varied from one state to another. Hence the Federal government should take this factor as well as the nation’s multiracial setup into serious consideration, when handing such a call.

He further noted that, in Malaysia, Bumiputeras or Malays have more options and opportunities to own land as compared to the non Bumiputeras as, besides the Malay Reserve Land, they can also purchase the freehold land.

Goh said this while responding to the call made by leader of the Malay Reserve Land core group, Che Ibrahim Che Idris, at the recent Bumiputera Economic Congress, urging the government to reclaim all the Malay Reserve Land that had been leased to the non Bumiputeras. Che Ibrahim said such a move is necessary in view of the fact that the size of the Malay Reserve Land in Peninsular Malaysia has been reduced to 31.66% of the total land size of Malaysia.

He reiterated that while he’s against such a proposal, he was nonetheless not against the government’s move to replace the Malay Reserve Land which it had acquired through compulsory acquisition, for public purpose, with the same size of government land, in order to maintain the size of the Malay Reserve Land in the country.

He went on to note that our national land policy, which also covers the Malay Reserve Land policy, was established since the colonial era, before formation of the country. But, over time, things have changed significantly with each state now having its own unique land conditions.

He cited for example, some states had during the exercise of drawing Malay Reserve Land included lands which were occupied by non Bumiputeras; notwithstanding, these non Bumiputeras occupants were allowed to continue to occupy the said lands all these years, whether for residential or other purposes. However, they started to face problems when they intended to transfer or dispose of the landed property to another person, a non Bumiputera especially.

He observed that all these while, many state governments had resorted to land swap approach when they acquired any Malay Reserve Land for public use, hence it had not affected the Malay Reserve Land.

“There could be some shortcomings in some states in this regard which thus caused the so-called diminishing of Malay Reserve Land, as claimed by certain quarters recently, which certainly worth looking into by the government,” he said.

Goh also opined that the state governments should be more flexible and sensible when it comes to deal with Malay Reserve Land, especially those which are located in prime areas, in order not to lag behind economic development.

He then pointed out that in some states which possessed sizable Malay Reserve Land, especially in the urban areas, it has caused drastic increase in prices of non Bumiputera land and property, something which is worth looking into by the government.

“Another issue worth looking into is the existing ‘Bumiputera Lot Quota’, which varies from one state to another, that gives Bumiputeras special privilege to purchase landed property at a special rate which non Bumiputeras are not entitled to,” he added.

He underscored that the call for non Bumiputeras to return the Malay Reserve Land which they are occupying to the government is a very complicated issue with potential far-reaching implications, hence it should be carefully threaded by the government.

 

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